Until recently, the ideal work model was a lifelong, nine-to-five-job within a single company that provided the necessary financial stability and security. However, globalization, automation, and the development of digital technology have made traditional forms of employment less popular. Today, the world of work is undergoing a dynamic transformation, and one of the key factors shaping the new reality is the so-called gig economy. This phenomenon is revolutionizing the ways companies recruit employees and employees define their careers. Below, we explain exactly what the gig economy is and its impact on today’s job market.

What is the gig economy?

The gig economy is an increasingly popular model of economy in which people perform short-term, or freelance tasks, often as independent contractors. In this model, they are not permanently employed by a single company but perform different jobs for various employers, depending on their needs. The development of this way of working is being driven by digital technology, which makes it much easier for employees to find jobs and collaborate with companies around the world.

  • Work on commission – employees are often assigned to specific projects or tasks, which may be one-time or short-term.
  • Independence – they have full control over their working conditions (in terms of place, time, workload, etc.).
  • Freedom – they can work around other commitments or to work at any time and any place.
  • Diversified sources of income – they can work on different projects or online platforms.
  • Lack of traditional benefits – such as health insurance, paid vacation, or retirement. How does the gig economy change the labor market?
what is the gig economy

How does the gig economy change the labor market?

The gig economy is undoubtedly bringing revolutionary changes to the labor market, affecting both employees and companies across industries, and thus the labor market as a whole. This impact can be both positive and negative.

Positive aspects of gig economy

  1. Cost savings
  2. In many cases, using temporary workers can be less expensive than hiring full-time employees because companies do not have to pay the costs associated with traditional employment, such as health insurance, pension, and paid vacation.

  3. Access to a flexible workforce
  4. Thanks to the development of the gig economy, companies can easily adapt their human resources to the current needs, i.e. increase or decrease the number of employees depending on the demand for their products or services.

  5. Greater talent pool
  6. The gig economy also gives employers access to a wider pool of talent – they can hire freelancers with different skills who are also working for other companies. This allows them to leverage their experience and skills for their projects without having to compete with other organizations.

Negative aspects of gig economy

  1. Lack of control
  2. One of the biggest challenges of the gig economy for businesses is the lack of control over freelancers. To overcome this issue, you can use Firmbee, which makes it much easier to manage the work of freelancers. It allows you to store all important information and documents in one place, assign tasks using Kanban boards, and track the progress of each individual’s work.

  3. Lack of stability
  4. In the gig economy, employees often work on short-term contracts or projects, and this can have a negative impact on their loyalty to the organization – they might focus on their own interests rather than the long-term development of the company. As a result, it can be difficult to build a cohesive corporate culture (contract or independent workers are unlikely to identify with the organization’s mission and values). In addition, they are not always available (due to workload) when the company needs them.

  5. Lack of benefits
  6. Companies that use contingent workers often do not offer benefits such as health insurance, paid vacation, or retirement plans. This can leave them feeling unmotivated and unprotected against unexpected situations. As a result, the quality of their work can drop significantly.


As technology continues to evolve, the gig economy will also grow, meaning that the number of people working in this model will increase. While this undoubtedly brings significant benefits to the labor market, particularly in terms of flexibility and access to a talented workforce, the challenges it presents should not be overlooked. Organizations across industries need to consider how to harness the potential of the gig economy while ensuring the well-being of employees and compliance with applicable regulations.

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What is the gig economy and how does it affect the labor market? 3 positive and negative aspects nicole mankin avatar 1background

Author: Nicole Mankin

HR manager with an excellent ability to build a positive atmosphere and create a valuable environment for employees. She loves to see the potential of talented people and mobilize them to develop.